Smoked 3-2-1 St. Louis Style Spare Ribs

Smoked spare ribs are king where flavor is concerned however, if you take the time to trim them up and remove some of the extra fat before cooking them, a great experience becomes an even better  experience. Cooking them in the smoker using the 3-2-1 method will create smoked ribs that are just the right amount of tender.. just the way most of us like them.

Helpful Information
  • Prep Time: 25 minutes
  • Cook Time: 6 hours
  • Smoker Temp: 230°F
  • Meat Finish Temp: N/A
  • Recommended Wood: Hickory
What You'll Need

Get the Recipes for Jeff's Rub and Sauce

recipe-ad-rubIf you are smoking ribs without using my one and only original rib rub then you are missing out on one of the wonderful things in life. My rub was designed especially for ribs but is good on almost everything else you cook in the smoker as well.

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Step 1: Unwrap and Rinse

The ribs usually come in a thick plastic package. Remove the ribs from the package and give them a good rinse under cold water.

Some say this is not necessary but, in my opinion, it's a good thing. Make sure the sink is nice and clean and you'll want to clean the sink afterwards as well.

After rinsing, set them on some paper towels to drain.

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Step 2: Remove the Skirt/Flap

On the bone side of the ribs is a flap of meat called the skirt. To make sure that the ribs are uniform in thickness and to help them cook better, it's a great idea to trim this off.

You can still cook it alongside the ribs and when it's tender (about 60-90 minutes), it's makes a great snack for the cook and/or cook's helpers.

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Step 3: Trim St. Louis Style

On the pig/hog, there are basically two types of ribs.. the baby backs and the spare ribs.

The baby backs have less fat and are a little more aesthetically pleasing (allegedly) than the fattier, more oddly shaped spare ribs.

For this reason, it is common to trim them up.

In doing so, a lot of the less desirable parts are removed and they end up looking more like a baby back.

Here's how to do that:

Cut off that bone that juts out on one side(diagonal piece at lower left of slab).. it's mostly cartilage so it can be cut with a sharp knife pretty easily. A cleaver will work if your aim is pretty good ;-)

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Next cut off the brisket bone which runs along the same side as the piece you just removed.

If you feel carefully along the ribs, you can feel a joint separating the brisket bone from the rack of ribs. This is where you make your cut.

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To finish the trim work, simply cut off the extra flap of meat on the small end of the ribs (right side of slab below) and you are finished.

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Place all of the extra pieces in a pan and set them aside. They can be smoked right along with the other ribs or you can freeze them and smoke them later. Once cooked/smoked they can be stored and added to beans, soups, stews, etc. for great flavor.

Here's the St. Louis trimmed spare rib.. see how nice and square it is?!

This is the best part of the spare rib.

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Step 4: Remove the Membrane

This step causes folks lots of frustration and let me just say that it's not the end of the world if you have trouble with this. If you can't get it off for some reason, forget about it.

It is nice to remove it but it's not worth a lot of frustration so try and do the best you can and leave it at that.

It's hard to get a picture of this being removed but you simply lay the ribs with the boney side up. You will notice a thick plastic like skin covering the meat.

Slip a knife or other sharp object under it and try to get enough pulled up so you can grab it.

It's slick so if you have trouble grasping it with your bare hands:

  • Use a paper towel for better grip..


  • Use catfish skinning pliers

Here it is removed:

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Step 5: Add Mustard and Rub

Regular yellow mustard and the original rub added to both sides is the only thing you need to season these up.

(Purchase formula here | Purchase bottled rub)

Don't over complicate it!

While it's boney side up:

Squeeze on the mustard and rub it all over to create a nice sticky base for the rub to stick to.

Note: you don't have to use mustard if you don't want to, you can just sprinkle the rub on the back side and let it sit there for about 10-15 minutes. It will mix with some of the meat juices and stick to the ribs pretty well on it's own. Flip it over and do the same thing on the meaty side.

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Pour on about ¼ cup of Jeff's original rub (¼ of a bottle) and spread it all over the ribs making sure you have full coverage. You can also sprinkle it on evenly using a cheese shaker or an old spice bottle with large holes.

(Make the rub yourself | Purchase bottled rub)

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Flip the ribs over and do the same thing to the meaty side.

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Once the ribs are seasoned, leave them laying while you go get the smoker ready to cook.

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Step 6: Smoke the Ribs for the First 3 Hours

Set up your smoker for cooking with indirect heat at about 230°F using hickory or your favorite smoking wood.

If you smoker has a water pan, use it.

Once the smoker is ready, place the ribs bone side down on the smoker grate or if you are short on room, it is perfectly acceptable to use a rib rack to hold the ribs vertical.

I also love doing these in the new pellet smoker by Camp Chef.. it's called the “Woodwind” and it's my go to smoker right now. Tons of features and it smokes ribs like it was born to do just that!

Check out the highly entertaining and informational video at

grillgod woodwind small

Step 7: Wrap in Foil for 2 Hours

After the ribs have been smoking for 3 hours, it's time to wrap them up and let them get the heat inside of a closed space so they can steam and get really tender.

I usually get my foil pre-cut and ready ahead of time about 30 inches long and 18 inches wide.

Once the ribs are ready, I can quickly take them off and get them wrapped without losing much heat.

Note: Some folks add apple juice or some liquid to the foil. I usually do NOT add anything since I feel like too much moisture breaks down the rub crust that I worked hard to build in the first 3 hours.

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Place the ribs back on the smoker at 230°F but you do not need to add any smoking wood during this time since they are wrapped up.

Step 8: The Final Hour

After cooking for 2 hours wrapped in foil, unwrap them from the foil and place them back on the smoker for a final hour to finish up.

With or without smoke.. your choice.

This is the time when the bark is finalized and it's also a great time to add some sauce if you like them that way.

Some like sauce.. some don't. Remember it's your ribs. YOU eat them the way that YOU like them. If you like them sauced up.. then go for it and be proud.

Step 9: Slice and Serve

Place the ribs bone side up and slice them up with a very sharp knife.

Serve them right away while they are hot!

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Jeff's Rubs and Sauce

✅ My rubs and sauce will be the best thing you’ve ever tasted and it’s a great way to support what we do!


You can also order the formulas for my rubs and sauce and make these yourself at home. Grab those HERE and download immediately.

Jeff’s Smoking Meat Books

smoking-meat-book-coverSmoking Meat: The Essential Guide to Real Barbecue – The book is full of recipes and contains tons of helpful information as well. Some have even said that “no smoker should be without this book”!

With more than 1000 reviews on and a rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars, it comes highly recommended and is a Bestseller in Barbecuing & Grilling books on Amazon.

AmazonBarnes & Noble | German Edition

smoke-wood-fire-book-coverSmoke, Wood, Fire: The Advanced Guide to Smoking Meat – Unlike the first book, this book does not focus on recipes but rather uses every square inch of every page teaching you how to smoke meat. What my first book touched on, this second book takes it into much greater detail with lots of pictures.

It also includes a complete, step-by-step tutorial for making your own smoked “streaky” bacon using a 100 year old brine recipe.

Purchase at Amazon

Printable Recipe

3 2 1 St Louis Spare Ribs corrected 575x384 1
Print Recipe
5 from 9 votes

Smoked 3-2-1 St. Louis Style Spare Ribs

Smoked spare ribs are king where flavor it concerned however, if you take the time to trim them up and remove some of the extra fat before cooking them, a great experience becomes an even better experience.
Prep Time25 mins
Cook Time6 hrs
Servings: 6


  • 2 (or more) racks of spare ribs
  • Yellow mustard
  • Jeff’s original rub recipe
  • Heavy duty foil
  • Jeff’s barbecue sauce


Step 1: Rinse

  • Remove the ribs from the package
  • Rinse under cold water
  • Allow to drain on paper towel

Step 2: Trim St. Louis Style

  • Remove skirt, brisket bone, and end piece to square them up and create the St. Louis style spare ribs.

Step 3: Mustard and Rub

  • Apply mustard to bone side of ribs
  • Pour on about ¼ cup of rib rub and spread to cover over meat.
  • Repeat mustard and rub on meaty side of ribs.

Step 4: Smoke the Ribs

  • Setup smoker for cooking at 230 °F using indirect heat with hickory or other favorite smoking wood.
  • Place ribs directly on smoker grate bone side down.
  • Smoke for 3 hours.
  • After 3 hours, wrap in foil and place back into smoker for 2 hours.
  • After 2 hours, unwrap and place back into smoker for a final hour.
  • Brush on sauce if desired during last hour of cooking.

Step 5: Slice and Serve

  • Slice the ribs between the bones and serve with warm sauce on the side.



  1. Doug Christen October 11, 2020 at 5:17 pm - Reply

    5 stars
    Trying this recipe for the first time on a brand new pellet smoker… Wish me luck!! I'm an old side smoker, charcoal guy and this “Don't lift the lid” stuff has me scared. But I'll follow it and feed back how it turned out.

  2. Scott September 8, 2019 at 8:32 pm - Reply


    Thank you for the outstanding recipes. My wife could take or leave ribs 2 days ago, now she claims her favorite entree is these ribs. I followed the recipes and the instructions very closely with no issues. Fall off the bone, moist, a hint of heat coupled with a slight sweetness. Everything a rib should have!!

    I also attempted brisket today using your original rub recipe and your instructions provided on the smoking basics that came with the recipes. I tried a brisket after getting my electric smoker 6 months ago and did not have great results. It was a huge success today and it will make the list of entrees for years to come.

    Thank again,


  3. Bill Fotheringham Jr. August 18, 2019 at 9:53 pm - Reply

    Jeff, you should call this recipe The Crowd Pleaser! My preference would be to have a little more bite, but this fall off the bone style is going make most people ecstatic. Paired this w/ Bill in MN’s Fire Corn dish from the book. Fantastic meal, thanks for everything that you do – it makes us amateurs look like we know how to do it!

  4. Travis Johnson June 8, 2019 at 7:43 pm - Reply

    2nd time ever using a smoker. Made these ribs and they turned out awesome!

    • Jeff Phillips June 9, 2019 at 12:55 pm - Reply

      Congratulations on a job well done!!

  5. Jeff Bailey February 2, 2019 at 10:02 pm - Reply

    I paid for your recipe quite a while ago. I only tried the BBQ sauce until today. Today is the day before the 53rd Super Bowl, and I felt like smoking spare ribs for the game. Since I have always liked ribs better the day after I smoke them, I thought I would run to the store and get the ingredients to make your original rub…I followed the instructions and worried about how sweet is was, but I thought that hopefully it would be OK after smoking them… O.M.G. I hope I can wait for the game before gorging myself. I trimmed my spare ribs so that I had quite a few little pieces to taste without actually tearing into the ribs, and I am so happy with the results that I hated to wrap them up for tommorrow! Thank You Jeff Phillips!!! ?

  6. Jeremy johmson July 29, 2018 at 10:58 am - Reply

    So..I got an Oklahoma Joe smoker(the big nice one) for Father's Day, I'm a Weber guy and don't use gas, also I've never smoked any meat before, once I got used to how to control the heat, I've yet to smoke anything that hasn't been good(butts, chicken, ribs and attempting cheese next week) I've tried the 3-2-1 method and been successful, also did the 4hrs at 350deg or so, and the ribs were awesome.

    I think Ive found my calling.

    Smoking for me is not “work” or inconvenient. It's all about patience and finding what you like best.
    I personally don't like my ribs “fall off the bone tender” and prefer a little pull to them. That's why I use the higher temp and also use St. Louis style instead of baby back.
    Thanks for the informative recipe, it was a good start and can always be adjusted for your own personal taste.

  7. Ricky Johnston June 23, 2018 at 10:33 am - Reply

    It was a easy to Follow recipe I just got my 1st smoker for Father's Day Can't wait to taste these tasty ribs

  8. bill daylong February 24, 2018 at 8:59 pm - Reply

    keep up good work
    it will be good times soon
    thank you

  9. Robert July 13, 2017 at 7:55 am - Reply

    Why in the world do you want to make rib cooking so complicated? All that on off, wrap, on off, unwrap, on off…mush. It's confusing, and difficult. This is all assuming you're cooking St. Louis ribs at 225°. On so many forums so many people start with..”I did the 3-2-1 method but…”. It's a pain in the grill. 250°-275° indirect, for roughly 4 hours, depending on actual temp, meatiness of the ribs, and how done you like them. Simple.

    • Jeff Phillips July 14, 2017 at 4:22 pm - Reply


      I have never had anyone tell me these 3 steps are difficult or confusing. I have had folks tell me how easy and reliable of a method it is and how it turns out perfect ribs every time.

      Like I say about all things smoking related.. you're supposed to be having fun with it so if the 3-2-1 method takes away from your fun, then do it another way. If this method makes you happy, increases your fun level and turns out perfect ribs, well then, there you go =)

    • L. Correll March 12, 2018 at 5:36 am - Reply

      I'm afraid I gots to go with the why do all the extra thing. My smoker is a wee bitty box I got from Wally world. It's pure crap. And works like the devil needs your soul. 3 in, 2 in, 1 of, 3, 6, 8, 14. for Good God's grace.i use a special wood, too, called yard wood. That's the wood that falls in the yard. Sometimes other folks yard!

      He wasn't being mean, nor am I. But to follow scripture and structure on such a thing as pork ribs isn't the flavor of the game, brother. Flow. Relax. The 321 stuff needs to stop.

      God bless you and keep you and yours.

  10. Tim Nates January 14, 2017 at 11:40 pm - Reply

    5 stars
    Finally someone who does not make the process so complicated. Direct and to the point! I've been racking my brain for months for something that makes sense! Thank you! Just goes to show you that the best things are sometimes the simplest!

  11. Steve Henry October 30, 2016 at 9:59 pm - Reply

    I don't have a smoker, just a 16″ diameter x 26″ long grill (1/4″ thick steel). Right now I cook ribs in an oven for 3 hours at 275 DegF and finish off 20 minutes or so directly on the grill (after the chicken , steaks and sausage are done).
    Yes it's a trick to get the ribs on and off since the bones are falling out while doing it.
    How can I smoke/cook the ribs the whole way on a standard charcoal grill using your recipe?
    Thank You, Steve

  12. Key Temps: BBQ Spare Ribs | May 13, 2016 at 8:23 pm - Reply

    […] Smoked 3-2-1 St. Louis Style Spare Ribs, […]

  13. JB April 14, 2016 at 9:18 pm - Reply

    5 stars
    Hi guys, I have done this recipe at least 6 times, and only once have I been able to get the tenderness of the meat right…
    I don't know what I'm doing wrong, but I followed the recipe to a T today and again the same result…great flavor, a bit fatty inside, and the only way I can get it to inner temp 195 is to leave in foil for last hour or crank up my Daniel Boone GmG to 300 for about an hour.
    One time I used this recipe it took 9 hours and the bones just fell out…
    3 hours smoke on 230, wrap 2 hours and inner temp gets to around 180-185, then as I unwrap them and put back in the inner temp drops to 170ish and it just crawls back up so slowly…help? :-)

    Frustrated in Seattle

    • Terry Mathis September 14, 2016 at 11:09 am - Reply

      5 stars
      Hi JB,

      I just tries this 3-2-1 method for the first time.I have a Range Master ( Master Built) 30″ Electric smoker. I preheated my smoker to get the wood chips smoking well, probably around 350*. I then turn the controls down to low and put my ribs in as it was cooling down. They smoked very well and I kept the temperature around 230 – 250, occasionally it would creep up to 280. I smoked these for 3 hours, then I covered in foil with a water cinnamon snaps mixture. I kept the heat the same and cooked for the 2 hours, I then added some more chips to get the smoke going and cooked for the additional hour. I did turn off my smoker 10 minutes early and let it cool down while still cooking the ribs. They came out perfect. Nice and tender, fall of the bone. I do not use a meat probe thermometer on ribs because you get a false reading due to being close to bones. You can use the tooth pick through the meat technique to make sure the ribs are done. I used a cinnamon and sugar rub with some McCormick Grill Mates Montreal Chicken Seasoning sprinkeled on top of the rub.

  14. Thomas schaffer March 4, 2016 at 7:59 pm - Reply

    I cook them like country ribs .they come out

  15. Tim Smith February 28, 2016 at 3:23 pm - Reply

    Love the rub recipe, just started in on my St. Louis ribs and they are delicious! Over the last 2 years I have really appreciated all the Great information provided by Jeff on this site.

    THX Jeff

    Tim Smith

  16. Josh Thompson June 21, 2015 at 5:47 pm - Reply

    5 stars
    This was awesome! Family commented it was the best ribs they've had.

    Question though – anybody have recommendations on what to do with the trimmings? I smoked them as well and they came out as kind of a rib jerky – just kind of dry. I imagine it's because they aren't as thick as the actual ribs. Any thoughts on this would be greatly appreciated!

    • Todd July 5, 2016 at 5:56 pm - Reply

      5 stars
      I smoked them right along with my ribs 3-2 no 1 at the end I wrapped them in foil with a 1/4 cup of Apple juice like I did the ribs and took them off after the 2 hours they were great far from jerky.

  17. David Rosenquist April 26, 2015 at 10:49 pm - Reply

    Jeff, ever since I bought your reciepes (wonderful by the way), I no longer receive the newsletter. I look forward to it every Thursday so we can sample it on Sat. night. I have tried to subscribe again but it tells me I am a subscriber. Help, my family is starting to turn on me! Thanks!

    Dave R

    • Jeff Phillips April 27, 2015 at 10:35 pm - Reply

      David, I am also showing that you are subscribed and that we are sending you the ad-free newsletter every Thursday morning. I suspect that your spam or junk filter is catching my emails for some reason. You may have a junk/spam folder that will allow you to see what is getting caught and you can then click on it and mark it as wanted email.

  18. Thomas Schaffer April 25, 2015 at 8:50 am - Reply

    5 stars
    I have used this recipe many times and it works great. I have modified it to 3 hrs in smoke (apple/cherry/pecan) at 235, then 1.5 hrs in foil, then 30 minutes at 250 turning once..seems to give me a rib with a little more bite tension. Coat with BBQ sauce or mop in that last 30 minutes.

  19. Don Butterbaugh April 23, 2015 at 8:29 am - Reply

    Wow, another great Meal thanks to Jeff! I have tried just about everything in his Book, you follow the instructions and you cannot go wrong. Now I am the acknowledged “expert” on smoking in my family. What I learned came all from Jeff, and his fantastic book! If a ‘Dummy” Like me can do this, anyone can!
    Once again Jeff Thank you.

    Don Butterbaugh

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