Cornish Hens “Baby Chickens” Butterflied and Smoked

Smoked cornish hens are wonderful just as they are and you won't find a more delicious way to serve chicken.

These are usually served whole however, an alternate way to prepare them is to cut out the backbone and open them up before cooking them. This allows them to cook faster and more evenly.

It's really easy to do and I'll show you how in this recipe.

Helpful Information
  • Prep Time: 15 minutes
  • Brining Time: 4 hours
  • Cook Time: 1.5 to 2 hours
  • Smoker Temp: 225-240°F
  • Meat Finish Temp: 165°F
  • Recommended Wood: Pecan/Maple
What You’ll Need
IMG 0492 1000x715Please note that my rubs and barbecue sauce are now available in 2 formats– you can purchase the formulas and make them yourself OR you can buy them already made, in a bottle, ready to use.

Brine (optional)

Once of the best things you can do to any poultry is to let it soak in a saltwater solution for several hours before cooking it.

The salt moves into the meat fibers and causes them to unwind slightly. Over the course of time, salty water gets trapped within the meat fibers increasing both the flavor and the moisture level.

Moisture loss is inevitable during almost any cooking process however, meat that has been brined will turn out more juicy and flavorful due to the water that was trapped.

Create a brine mixture by mixing 1 cup of kosher salt into 1 gallon of cold water.

Mix the solution well until the water becomes clear.

Place the cornish hens into a bowl or container and pour the brine over them to cover.

Place the brining hens in the fridge for about 4 hours while the magic happens.

When the brining process is complete, rinse the cornish hens to remove any residual salt.

Cut Out the Backbone

This is the part that allows the birds to open up like a book and lay flat on the smoker grate.

Lay the bird(s) breast side down on a cutting board or work surface.


Use kitchen shears to cut along both sides of the backbone.


Remove the backbones and press the hen open.


To make it easier, you can press a sharp knife into the cartilage that runs along the inside of the breast bone. I usually lay the knife along the center of the keel bone and press down firmly with my hand until I hear a slight give.


The bird will  then open up very easily.


Brush olive oil onto the inside of the hen then sprinkle a generous amount of Jeff's Texas style rub (Purchase formula here | Purchase bottled rub) onto the meat on the inside of the bird.


Flip the bird over so that the skin side is facing up.

Repeat the process of brushing olive oil onto the skin and then generously applying Jeff's Texas style rub (Purchase formula here | Purchase bottled rub) to the entire outer surface of the hen.


The birds are now ready for the smoker.

I like to place them on a Bradley rack, Weber grill pan or cooling rack to make it easy to transport them to and from the smoker.

The Smoking Process

Setup your smoker for cooking at about 240°F using indirect heat.

If your smoker has a water pan, it's a great idea to fill it up.

We are going to be cooking these for about 1.5 hours so I recommend having enough smoking wood to last at least 1 hour but adding smoke for the entire time is fine too.

I used a mix of pecan and maple. You can use whatever smoking wood you have available making sure you have plenty of airflow into and out of the smoke and especially if you are using a stronger flavored wood such as mesquite or hickory.

Once your smoker is preheated and ready to cook, place the hens on the smoker grate.

In the image below, the hens have been cooking in the Traeger for about 1 hour and are about 2/3 done.


It's a great idea to monitor the temperature either by using a leave-in thermometer such as the Maverick ET-733 or by checking the meat periodically with a quality digital pocket thermometer such as the ThermoPop which reads in 3-4 seconds (that's fast), is splash-proof and is being offered now for only $29. One of my favorite toys.. er, tools;-)


Finish and Serve

When the thickest part of the meat in the breast and thigh reads 165°F, they are finished perfectly and can be removed from the heat right away.


I recommend serving these immediately while they are still good and hot.

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You can also order the formulas for my rubs and sauce and make these yourself at home. Grab those HERE and download immediately.

Jeff’s Smoking Meat Books

smoking-meat-book-coverSmoking Meat: The Essential Guide to Real Barbecue – The book is full of recipes and contains tons of helpful information as well. Some have even said that “no smoker should be without this book”!

With more than 1000 reviews on and a rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars, it comes highly recommended and is a Bestseller in Barbecuing & Grilling books on Amazon.

AmazonBarnes & Noble | German Edition

smoke-wood-fire-book-coverSmoke, Wood, Fire: The Advanced Guide to Smoking Meat – Unlike the first book, this book does not focus on recipes but rather uses every square inch of every page teaching you how to smoke meat. What my first book touched on, this second book takes it into much greater detail with lots of pictures.

It also includes a complete, step-by-step tutorial for making your own smoked “streaky” bacon using a 100 year old brine recipe.

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Butterflied Cornish Hens "Baby Chickens"

In this recipes for smoked cornish hens, we cut out the backbone and open them up before cooking them. This allows them to cook faster and more evenly.
Prep Time15 mins
Cook Time2 hrs
Servings: 6


  • Cornish hens ((1 per person))
  • Brine ((instructions/recipe below))
  • Olive oil
  • Jeff's Texas style rub


  • Make a brine by adding 1 cup of kosher salt to 1 gallon of water. Mix until the salt has dissolved and the water returns to clear.
  • Place the cornish hens in a large bowl or container and pour the brine over them to cover. Put the container into the fridge for 4 hours.
  • Once the brining process is complete, rinse the birds to remove any residual salt.
  • Use kitchen shears to cut along both sides of the backbone.
  • Press the carcass open to make them lay flat.
  • Brush olive oil onto the inside of the hen then sprinkle a generous amount of Jeff's Texas style rub onto the meat.
  • Flip the bird over and repeat this process of oil and rub on the skin side of the bird.
  • Prepare the smoker for cooking at about 240°F with indirect heat
  • Apply smoke for at least 1 hour using a mixture of pecan and maple or your own favorite smoking wood.
  • Use a digital thermometer to monitor the temperature of the hens while they cook.
  • When they reach 165°F in the thickest part of the breast and thigh, they are finished.
  • Remove from the heat and serve immediately.


  1. J. Akins December 23, 2021 at 3:34 pm - Reply


    I literally have 10 Cornish Hens soaking in your how to brine Cornish Hen recipe. After following the recipe then reading the other two recipes I'm not sure how long to brine the birds or the cook temp and time. To make matters worst I went and searched the internet….Lol now I'm really confused! FYI I plan on spatchcock cutting them. Not sure how fast you normally respond, But these babies with be on the grates in about hour.

    • AP December 24, 2021 at 8:37 am - Reply

      Hopefully, Jeff will reply in time, but in my opinion, even spatchcocked, the internal temp of the breast and thigh should be 165. The instruction summary above has that. Also, it says to brine for 4 hours. Plus or minus a bit won't be a bit deal. Just put them on, check the temp and take them off at 165.

  2. Irvin Shiffman July 4, 2017 at 2:08 am - Reply

    Jeff, I wondered whether you have ever brushed your food with mayonnaise before applying the rub for either grilling or smoking.
    There is a prominent chef in Los Angeles who does this to everything he grills or smokes. Aside from flavor it prevents any food from sticking to your grill better then oil or butter.

    • Jeff Phillips July 4, 2017 at 1:17 pm - Reply

      Irvin, I have not used this on anything other than chicken. Looks like I need to try it on some other things =)

      Have a great Independence Day!

  3. David Romine September 11, 2016 at 11:51 pm - Reply

    Hi Jeff,

    First let me say thankyou for the time and effort you've put into your work. I've got a few of your books & get your newsletter. I too have been the ‘household' cook for the last 20+ years. I've only been experimenting with various smoking techniques for the last 7 or so & I've found that yours is the one I prefer the most! Excellent seasonings & very good explanations & as you've said before – pictures explain themselves! Of course I've slightly modified a few recipes for our own tastes & now have found I do a couple variations and have plenty for left overs! Which by the way somehow disappear within a day or two…..not so picky then lol!
    Wanted to give you an idea for your newsletter as I've been getting them for a while now thank you. I don't recall you ever having a topic on proper cleaning of your smoker/grill etc. I've found going thru 3 smokers in < 7 years, there's a happy medium between 'seasoned' or 'funky' smoked foods. If great care is not taken to get all the cooked on drippings in the crevices/smoker shield/bottom of pan, etc.. – that funk will go into the food! I've found out the hard way as I'm sure you've had as well. I've found the best way with steel wool to scrub the bad spots while trying to preserve the seasoned portions but I think it's as critical as anything else. Just an idea – maybe sounds alittle stupid but it's usually the little things that matter the most and that are also the most overlooked.
    Thanks Again for everything and I look forward in trying out more of your recipes.

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