Smoked Beer can chicken (or root beer chicken if you prefer) is one of those things that people love to do in the smoker or grill and while the science seems to indicate that the liquid isn't all that important, it's super cool and as you know, presentation and aesthetics plays a big part in the meal.

I've been doing these for years, my family and friends love them and that's enough science for me;-)

Helpful Information
  • Hands-on Prep Time: 15 minutes
  • Cook Time: 2-3 hours
  • Smoker Temp: 225-275°F
  • Meat Finish Temp: 165°F
  • Recommended Wood: Pecan and/or cherry
What You’ll Need
Please note that my rubs and barbecue sauce are now available in 2 formats– you can purchase the formulas and make them yourself OR you can buy them already made, in a bottle, ready to use.

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Step 1: Brine the Chickens (optional)

I'm a big fan of brining poultry which is just soaking it in some salty water for a few hours. During this time some of the salt and water is drawn into the fibers of the meat and you can really taste the difference in the finished product. Brined poultry also tends to end up being more juicy non-brined poultry– supposedly some of the brine is drawn into the meat and gets locked in during this process. Sounds good in theory and I can't  personally prove this is what happens but the result is fantastic and therefore I continue to do this anytime I cook chicken.

To brine the chickens just make a gallon of brine using the following ingredients:

  • 1 gallon of cold water
  • 1 cup of coarse kosher salt (I use Morton's)
  • 1 cup of brown sugar

Add the salt and sugar to the water and stir until all is dissolved and the liquid is a clear amber color.

Place the chicken(s) in a plastic, glass or stainless steel container  and pour the brine mixture over them to cover.

If you need more brine, just mix a 2nd batch.

Place the container in the fridge during the brining process.

Some examples of acceptable containers would be zip top bags, stainless steel stock pot, plastic or glass food storage containers. NO aluminum.

Note: This is not a cure and does not render the meat invincible to germs and bacteria. It is for flavor and juiciness only.

Leave the chickens in the brine for about 4 hours or 1 hour per pound. I would not brine them longer than this or they could end up being too salty and/or the texture of the meat can be affected.

Rinse the chickens when they are finished to remove any excess salt from the outside and they are ready to proceed with the process.

What if the chickens are already brined with a solution from the store? Have you ever tasted a chicken from the store that was even the least bit salty? Yeah, me neither. The process that they do in the factory is severely inferior to what you can do at home in my opinion.  I brine nearly all poultry that cooke even if it's already had some sort of solution added. Mine is better, period.

Does the chicken end up being salty? No, as long a you follow the correct brine time, it will be flavorful, not salty. Salt should compliment the natural flavor of the meat not cover it up and that's what brining does.

Can I dry brine these instead of soaking them in the salt water brine? Absolutely. Just apply coarse kosher salt all over the outside of the chicken breast, legs, wings, thighs, and back at a rate of ½ teaspoon per pound. A normal 4 lb chicken will require about 2 teaspoons of coarse kosher salt.

Step 3: Lower the Chickens onto Cans

You don't need a fancy holding device for this although it is nice to have a rack that holds the cans in place.

I used one for these and it made the job a little easier and I didn't have to worry about the chickens falling over.

The one I used for this recipe is no longer available on Amazon but if you have one that you recommend, let me know.

Open the cans of root beer or whatever you are using and drink about half of it.

Lower the cavity of the chickens over the top of the cans with the legs supporting some of the weight.

Now with the chickens in place on the cans, they are ready to be seasoned on the outside.

Step 2: Flavor the Outside

We are using the original rub* on these simply because there is nothing better on chicken in my opinion. My original rub recipe* is low on salt, big on flavor and it creates a wonderful crust on almost anything.

I often apply the rub directly to the skin of the chicken but on these, I decided to mix the rub with mayonnaise and apply that all over. Mayo is an excellent base for the seasoning since it's essentially oil and egg.

1 cup of mayonnaise and 3 tablespoons of Jeff's original rub* should be mixed together in a bowl.

*(Purchase formula here | Purchase bottled rub)

Make sure the chickens are dry then use your hands to rub the rub/mayo mixture all over the legs, wings, breast, back and sides of the chicken. Be generous with it.

Step 4: Setup the Smoker

Anytime you have need of versatility such as mixed temperature during a cook, look no further than a pellet grill. This type of cooker can usually cook at low temperature, fairly high temperatures and everywhere in-between.

The lower the temperature, the more smoke flavor you will have so while they are versatile, I recommend some slow smoke time before cranking up the heat. That was just the method I used for these beer can chickens on the Camp Chef pellet grill and it did not disappoint.

I've been using the Woodwind SG for a while and it does a fine job on these smoked beer can chickens.

You can obviously cook these on any smoker that you have, even the grill as long as you can maintain reasonably consistent temperatures in the range of 225 to 275°F

Preheat pellet grills to 225°F. (On the Woodwind SG use “HI Smoke”.  On other pellet grills, use the special smoke setting which will simply say “Smoke”, Extreme Smoke, or something like that. )

Note: After one hour of smoke, we'll bump it up to 275-300°F

In all other smokers and grills, preheat to 275°F or as close to that as possible and leave it there throughout the entire cook.

Once it's ready, the chickens can be placed on the grate.

Step 5: Smoke Time

You will notice that I placed the chickens down in a foil pan. This is to keep the smoker clean by catching the drippings instead of letting them fall down into the smoker. Not only does the smoke get down in the pan just fine, the position of the chickens over the cans holds them up high so they get plenty of access to the smoke and the heat.

If you have a smoker with multiple racks, you could also place a pan on a lower grate.

You can place it right on the grate if you prefer.. you have options.

In my pellet grill, I started out at 225°F and left it there for 1 hour. As I mentioned, in these cookers, the lower heat produces more smoke so I often cook in two stages, a lower heat, more smoke stage and then a higher heat, less smoke stage.

I think those who complain about these pellet grills not having enough smoke flavor, may be cooking too hot right out of the gate. At lower temperatures, I get tons of smoke, great smoke rings and plenty of smoky flavor in the finished product.

After 1 hour, I cranked up the heat to 275°F for about 2 hours to finish the birds and take them to 165°F internal temperature.


Using a Thermometer

I highly recommend using a thermometer to monitor the temperature of the meat while it cooks. My thermometer of choice was the Thermoworks “Smoke” but if you have something different that's ok too as long as it's accurate.

The “Smoke” is a dual probe, remote meat thermometer and connects to an app on my phone via an optional Wifi gateway. This allows me to go about my day, even go to the store or anywhere else I please and still know exactly what's going on with the temperature of my smoker and the meat.

You can also use a handheld thermometer such as the Thermapen or ThermoPop to to check the temperature when you think it's getting close to being done.


If you are using a charcoal, gas, electric or stick burner set to 275-300°F, you can expect these to get done in about 2 to 2.5 hours depending on the size of the birds and how often you open the doors/lid.

Apply smoke for as much of the cooking time as possible or at least 1 hour.

When the thickest part of the meat in the breast reaches 165°F, the chicken(s) are done and can be removed from the smoker right away and off of the cans.

Step 6: Rest and Serve

Tent some foil over the chicken once you bring it into the house out of the smoker and let it rest for about 10 minutes before slicing.

Serve it up!

Please note that my rubs and barbecue sauce are now available in 2 formats– you can purchase the formulas and make them yourself OR you can buy them already made, in a bottle, ready to use.

Don't Miss This Special Deal on the Rub/Sauce Recipes (Formulas)

CLICK HERE to get a whopping 25% off when you order the recipes for Jeff's rubs and barbecue sauce! Great Deal!

Purchase the Formulas for Jeff's Rub and Sauce
**Instant Download!**
Jeff's Original Rub Recipe
Jeff's Barbecue Sauce

***Note: you get the Texas style rub recipe free with your order!

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I recently purchased both recipes. The files did not come thru right but Jeff was prompt to get it fixed. I tried them both last weekend and they were a huge hit. I followed his burnt ends recipe to the letter and my neighbors thought I was some master chef! Thanks Jeff!  -Susan T.

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Thank you for the great advice. Followed your rib recipe and everyone loved them. Used your rub and sauce. On point!  -Charles W.

Love the sauce and rub recipes. So far I have used them on beef ribs, pork ribs, and different chicken parts. Can't wait to do a beef brisket. Texas rub is great as well!  -Peter S.

Love the original rib rub and sauce! We have an annual rib fest competition at the lake every 4th of July. I will say we have won a great percent of the time over the past 15 years so we are not novices by any means. However, we didn't win last year and had to step up our game! We used Jeff's rub and sauce (sauce on the side) and it was a landslide win for us this year! Thanks Jeff for the great recipes. I'm looking forward to trying the Texas style rub in the near future!  -Michelle M.

I tried the rub on a beef brisket and some beef ribs the other day and our entire family enjoyed it tremendously. I also made a batch of the barbeque sauce that we used on the brisket as well as some chicken. We all agreed it was the best sauce we have had in a while.  -Darwyn B.

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Printable Recipe

Hot Smoked Beer Can Chicken
Prep Time
15 mins
Cook Time
2 hrs 30 mins
Brine Time
4 hrs
Total Time
2 hrs 45 mins
 
Beer can chicken is one of those things that people love to do in the smoker or grill and while the science seems to indicate that the liquid isn't all that important, it's super cool and as you know, presentation and aesthetics plays a big part in the meal.
Course: Entree, Main Course
Cuisine: Barbecue, Hot Smoking
Keyword(s): barbecue chicken, beer can chicken, smoked chicken
Author: Jeff Phillips
What You'll Need
  • 2 whole chickens
  • 1 cup mayonnaise
  • 3 tablespoons Jeff's original rub recipe (get the recipes here)
  • 2 cans beer or a soft drink (I like to use root beer)
Chicken Brine
  • 1 gallon water ,cold
  • 1 cup kosher salt ,course
  • 1 cup brown sugar
Instructions
Brine the Chicken(s)
  1. Make the brine in a large 1 gallon pitcher by adding the water, kosher salt and brown sugar. 

  2. Mix well until all ingredients are dissolved and the liquid becomes a clear amber color.

  3. Place the chicken(s) into a zip top bag or other plastic or glass container and pour the brine over the chicken to cover. Place the container with the chicken into the fridge for about 4 hours.
  4. At the end of the brining time, rinse the chicken under cold water and pat dry.
Season the Birds
  1. Place the chickens over cans of beer, root beer or other soft drink and use the legs to support some of the weight.
  2. Mix 1 cup of mayonnaise with 3 tablespoons of Jeff's original rub and apply this mixture all over the outside of the chickens.
Cook in the Smoker and Serve
  1. Preheat the smoker to 275°F and once it's ready place the chickens on the grate and cook until the internal temperature reaches 165 °F in the thickest part.
  2. Rest the chicken for 10 minutes before serving.
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